The Supreme Court of Canada was established in 1875 but only became the highest court in the country in 1949 when the right of appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council was abolished.
This court hears appeals from the courts of appeal from the provinces and territories, and also appeals from the Federal Court of Appeal.
It is the highest court in India and has ultimate judicial authority to interpret the Constitution and decide questions of national law (including local bylaws).
The Supreme Court is also vested with the power of judicial review to ensure the application of the rule of law.
Under the Basic Law, its constitution, the territory remains a common law jurisdiction.